Choanal atresia refers to a lack of formation of the choanal openings. It can be unilateral or bilateral. Epidemiology It frequently presents in neonates where it is . La atresia de coanas es una malformación congénita poco frecuente. Clásicamente se han descrito cuatro vías de abordaje para su corrección quirúrgica. A atresia de coanas é uma malformação congênita rara da cavidade nasal caracterizada pela obliteração completa da coana posterior. Nos 67% dos casos a.

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Orphanet: Atresia de coanas

Presentation depends on whether it is uni- or bilateral. The need for revision documented in the literature varies widely from It has become an important tool to be kept up to date.

There is a recognised female predilection. The differential diagnosis should consider stenosis of the piriform aperture, encephalocele, nasal tumours, such as gliomas and dermoid cysts, septal deviation and foreign bodies in unilateral casesamong other causes. Surgical repair with transnasal endoscopic technique provides an excellent visualisation of the posterior nasal defect and has currently become the procedure of choice due to its safety and effectiveness, displacing the transpalatine approach.

Despite progress in the different surgical techniques, postoperative choanal stenosis is still frequent. Check this box if you wish to receive a copy of your message.

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However, some studies have compared the endoscopic transnasal technique with the non-endoscopic option and have not found significant differences in the surgical results. Synonyms or Alternate Spellings: This high percentage could be influenced by many years of monitoring, a high proportion of bilateral cases, and removal of the nasal stent under general anaesthesia removal of the stent was only performed without general anaesthesia in the initial years.


If a patient still fails to maintain an adequate airway, endotracheal intubation must be performed. A total of 35 patients In most cases, the plates are mixed bony and membranous componentsand less often, bony.

The benefits and risks of placing a stent after CA repair are still debated in the otolaryngology literature. When CA is unilateral, sometimes the diagnosis takes place late during childhood or adolescence, manifesting as nasal obstruction and positional atrresia rhinorrhea increases by tilting the head forwardand occasionally as unilateral otitis media.

Extubation time was dependent on concomitant diseases, previous medication and clinical condition.

Choanal atresia – Wikipedia

Nasotracheal intubation is not possible. Flexible nasal endoscopy after mucous suctioning allows direct visualization of the atretic plate in the choana.

B Patient with tutor in position. The surgical procedure consisted of a transnasal approach using microscopy. The most common congenital causes are choanal atresia CAdermoid cyst, glioma, encephalocele and congenital stenosis of the piriform aperture. Patients with CA should be studied thoroughly to identify possible associated malformations.

Transnasal endoscopic treatment of choanal atresia without prolonged stenting. We performed a thorough prior assessment of patients by endoscopic examination of the nasal passages with a flexible fiberscope 2. Disease definition Choanal atresia CA is a congenital anomaly of the posterior nasal airway characterized by the obstruction of one unilateral or both bilateral choanal aperture swith clinical manifestations ranging from acute respiratory distress to chronic nasal obstruction. Caregivers must carry out a good management and receive CPR training.


Under general anaesthesia, after placing a gauze soaked in vasoconstrictor adrenaline 1: And in later life as a teenager or in early twenties the hole will have to be re-drilled larger.

The increasing range of instrumentation available allows surgeons to make increasingly accurate incisions in the mucosa and bone resections. Microsurgical techniques were used to treat CA in all 49 patients.

Choanal atresia

It was not used routinely only in cases of granulations or suspected restenosisso no conclusions could be drawn about its effectiveness. Also any condition that causes significant depression of the nasal bridge or midface retraction can be associated with choanal atresia.

Operative management of choanal atresia: The mean follow-up time was coaans. The floor of the nasal fossa should be followed and the opening should be done in a medial an inferior direction.

If the blockage is caused by bone, this is drilled through and stent inserted.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol,pp. The plates were mixed A total of 8 patients had undergone surgery previously at other institutions 7 cases of transnasal approach with an endoscope and 1 case of palatal approach.

While causes are unknown, both genetic and environmental triggers are suspected. Atrresia transseptal repair is reserved for newborns with unfavourable intranasal anatomy or craniofacial abnormalities.